When giving birth, the scar tissue might tear, or the opening needs to be cut to allow the baby to come out. WHO supports countries to implement this strategy. How is FGM practised? The glans head of the human clitoris is roughly the size and shape of a pea, and is estimated to have about 8, sensory nerve endings. ABC Everyday helps you navigate life's challenges and choices so you can stay on top of the things that matter to you. WHO has conducted a study of the economic costs of treating health complications of FGM and has found that the current costs for 27 countries where data were available totalled 1.
Female genital mutilation
Nnaemeka argues that the crucial question, broader than FGM, is why the female body is subjected to so much "abuse and indignity", including in the West. The newborn 's vulva may be swollen or enlarged as a result of having been exposed, via the placenta , to her mother's increased levels of hormones. Retrieved 25 March Vulvas of different women pubic hair removed in some cases. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Nerves do not regenerate, so any damage done during an operation is permanent.
Female genital mutilation - Wikipedia
Dimension to Debate on Genital Mutilation". Cosmetic surgeons often perform a clitoral hood reduction along with a labiaplasty, where they reduce the size of the outer lips. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. They will then close the wound, usually with dissolvable stitches.
What to know about the clitoral hood
Description: They include removal of the clitoral hood and clitoral glans ; removal of the inner labia ; and removal of the inner and outer labia and closure of the vulva. DermNet NZ. Retrieved 4 March The vulva includes the mons pubis or mons veneris , labia majora , labia minora , clitoris , vestibular bulbs , vulval vestibule , urinary meatus , the vaginal opening , hymen , and Bartholin's and Skene's vestibular glands.